Cotton has been woven to make fabric for thousands of years. Today, this natural fabric is available in a variety of weights, colors, patterns, and weaves. Cotton is also blended with other fibers to make different types of fabric, such as corduroy and terry. You may have heard the term “quilting cotton.” Quilting cotton is a fabric made specifically for quilting and 100% cotton. It is typically a medium weight, but lately, some companies are making lighter weight quilting cotton.
Quilters, especially traditional quilters, primarily use quilting cotton in their quilts. But quilters aren’t the only ones buying quilting cotton today. Many sewists are using quilting cotton to make clothes, bags, and other craft projects because of the fabric’s great quality and an assortment of colors and prints on the market. Let’s take a closer look at quilting cotton!
Here is a close-up picture of a plain weave in the fabric.
Fabric Characteristics of Quilting Cotton
- Medium, woven fabric
- 100% cotton
- Plain weave
- 40” – 44” wide
- Conducts heat well and resists pilling
- Drapes well
Care and Use of Quilting Cotton
- Avoid extended exposure to sunlight
- Can be laundered
- Use hot iron with steam for wrinkles
- For patchwork, garment sewing, and other crafts
Recommended BERNINA Presser Feet for Sewing on Quilting Cotton
Most BERNINA presser feet perform beautifully with quilting cotton, but specifically for making quilts, I recommend BERNINA Patchwork Feet. These feet are perfect for finding that scant 1/4” seam allowance. There are three options for BERNINA Patchwork Feet and all three have a dual feed version. BERNINA Dual Feed works with machines that have the dual feed mechanism on back of the machine. The first option is Patchwork Foot #37/37D. The second option is Patchwork Foot #57/57D and has an attached guide. The third option is Patchwork Foot #97/97D and has a removable guide. The Straight Stitch Plate is recommended when using Patchwork Feet.
Patchwork Foot #37/37D
Patchwork Foot #57/57D
Patchwork Foot #97/97D
Tips for Sewing on Quilting Cotton
- Invest in cotton thread that is thin but strong, such as Mettler Silk-Finish Cotton 50. This Mettler thread goes through a mercerization process making the thread strong and iron-proof. Also, this high-quality thread produces less lint build-up in your machine.
- Use a quilting needle in size 75/11 or Microtex needle in size 80/12.
The Schmetz Chrome Professional Grade needles last longer and stay cooler during high-speed stitching. If the upper thread is shredding or breaking, go up one needle size.
- Add stiffness to quilting cotton with starch or sizing. This is very helpful if you need more control when cutting and piecing fabric. Try Mary Ellen’s Best Press which is a spray starch alternative that acts more like sizing and is environmentally friendly. It’s non-aerosol and comes in many scents as well as unscented.
- Pin it up! Pins will not leave holes in quilting cotton like they do with oilcloth and laminated fabric. Pins will keep the fabric in place when sewing so it stays flat and pucker-free. But don’t sew over them or you might end up with a broken needle or worse!
Now that you know the characteristics of quilting cotton and the best way to sew with this fabric, go to your local quilt store or online shop and find quilting cotton for your next quilt or sewing project!
Need a project? I’ve created a few links below from our creative blog, WeAllSew, so you can easily find something and start sewing!
- Fat Quarter Tote Bag
- Turning Triangles Mini Quilt
- Triangle Zipper Pouch
- Cosmetic Zipper Pouch
- The Passiflora Quilt Along